Car History: Toyota Land Cruiser
Toyota is one of the most renowned automobile brands across the globe. The brand is known for rolling-off durable, technologically advanced and high-performance vehicles such as the Land Cruiser, one of the oldest running nameplates of Toyota. The Land Cruiser SUVs are a complete package that is comfortable yet capable enough to cruise around different terrains.
Let’s find out more about different generations of this model-series by dissecting Toyota Land Cruiser history.
Toyota Land Cruiser Generations
Toyota Land Cruiser is counted among one of the most popular used Japanese SUVs in the UAE. The core reason for its popularity is its durability, off-roading capabilities, comfortable interior and technologically advanced features.
Here are the complete details regarding new and old Land Cruiser models.
First Generation J20/J30 (1955 to 1959)
The history of Toyota Land Cruiser dates back to 1951 when the first model was manufactured for military purposes. This car was equipped with a 3.4-litre 6-cylinder engine paired with a four-ton truck suspension system. Later, in 1955 the first generation Land cruiser was released for the civilians.
The civilian version was facelifted with a more rounded exterior, integrated headlights and spacious cabin. The car was released in long and short wheelbases, both were suitable for cruising on roads. However, the series only had a top speed of 56 km/h.
Second Generation J40 (1960 to 1966)
The second-generation Land Cruiser receives a major facelift with a more rectangular body, circular headlights and front radiator grille. The indicators were also moved to the front wings. Different engine options were available including four-cylinder petrol and diesel engine.
The car was offered in three different trims ‘Full’, ‘Economy’ and ‘Moderate’ driveability, customers can choose as per their usage. The model series contains a manual transmission system with 6 gears, 3 for roads and 3 for off-roading. Moreover, four different wheelbase options were also available.
Third Generation J40/50 (1967 to 1979)
The third generation was completely different from Toyota Land Cruiser’s old models. The car was painted in a two-toned colour and the car frame was more rounded in shape. Also, the series lacked a rear hatch, which was considered a signature of Land Cruisers.
The 1974 FJ40 received some major changes with the introduction of a diesel engine paired with a four-speed manual transmission system. Later in 1979, air conditioning and a power steering were also introduced in the series.
Fourth Generation J60/70 (1980 to 1989)
The fourth generation of Land Cruiser was a four-door mid-size SUV. The front of this generation was similar to that of the 40 Series. However, the latest technologies were included in the vehicle. The car was powered by an efficient 4.2-litre V6 engine accompanied by a 5-speed manual transmission system. Multiple diesel engines were also offered in this generation.
The interior of this generation was minimalistic with a plain dashboard and a minimum number of controls. The instrument cluster only had three metres: fuel level, speedometer and coolant temperature.
Fifth Generation J80 (1989 to 1997)
The fifth generation of Land Cruiser was considered one of the most powerful off-roading vehicles ever built by the brand. The car was known for having advanced safety and technological features that make it suitable for different terrains.
The car was powered by a V6 engine that can produce a total of 215 hp and provide a car with a top speed of 190 km/h. The 5-speed manual transmission system was paired up with AWD drivetrain system.
Sixth Generation J100 (1998 to 2007)
The exterior of the sixth generation Land Cruiser was different from its predecessors. The car was built on a longer wheelbase that increases the cabin space. Also, the front end of the car was tall and flat, which provided a commanding view of the road. To ensure the aerodynamics of the vehicle, large fenders were featured on the front and rear tyres.
The dashboard was more complex, contrary to old Land Cruiser models. The instrument cluster shows a number of metres and gauges. The interior was lined with fabric or leather, as per the customer’s choice. Under the hood, a 4.7-litre V8 petrol and 4.2-litre inline-six turbo diesel engine were offered.
In the same generation J105 was also introduced, which was a more rugged-off version of Land Cruiser. The exterior of 105 was more enhanced with prominent curves and lines running from rear to front end.
Seventh Generation J200 (2008 to 2012)
The seventh-generation of the Land Cruiser is also popularly known as the Toyota V8 across the globe. The car was equipped with off-roading and driver-assist features. It includes a smart start system, 4-zone climate control system, airbags and downhill assist system.
The car was powered by a V8 engine that can provide the car with a top speed of 200 km/h. Its AWD drivetrain system was accompanied by a 5-speed automatic transmission system.
Seventh Generation Facelift (2015 to Present)
The seventh-generation received a major facelift in 2015 with a more modern exterior including redesigned headlights, bumpers, hood and grille. The car features a collision avoidance system, lane mitigation system and Toyota’s safety sense that makes it more secure.
To maintin the luxury inside the cabin, the car offers leather upholstery, heated power steering, ventilated seats, a keyless entry system and push-button start. The car is offered with a V8 engine that provides it with a top speed of 204 km/h.
This was the complete Toyota Land Cruiser history. This model series of Toyota has gained a significant position in the market due to its driveability, off-roading capabilities and durability. If you are interested in driving this ultimate vehicle, browse through these used Toyota Land Cruisers for sale in the UAE.
Moreover, check out the Land Cruiser GR Sport Model and see what the other variant of the iconic brand has to offer.
Stay tuned to UAE’s top auto blog for more information on Toyota Land Cruiser generations.