Everything You Need to Know about V Engines
Internal combustion engines serve the same purpose for every car. However, these engines differ in sizes and configurations. You must have heard the terms of V6, V8 or V12 engines. These are all the variations of V engines that were first designed in 1889 and used in the boats and aeroplanes because of their compact construction.
The cylinders in the V engines are placed at an angle rather than in a line. Besides, auto-manufacturers use the ‘V’ shaped engine to not only reduce the size, but also increase the performance.
Here’s a complete guide to V engines that will help you understand its design, working, types, advantages and disadvantages.
WHAT IS A V ENGINE?
Since the cylinders in the V-types engine vary at an angle between 60 and 90 degrees, also known as V-angles. Therefore, making a ‘V’ shape as the name suggests. The V engines usually have an even number of cylinders, for instance, 2, 4, 6, and 8.
Inline and V engines are different as the V-type ones have a complex design and construction. However, it counters its design complexity with reduced size and performance. Since the V-shaped engine takes less space which creates more space for addition of cylinders. The added cylinders not only increase the engine capacity but also enhance the horsepower and engine torque.
TYPES OF V SHAPED ENGINES
Auto-manufacturers design different types of V engines according to the number of cylinders. Following are the types of V engine in cars.
The V-twin engine is commonly referred to as V2. It requires less space to fit because of only two cylinders. Mostly, motorcycles have a V-twin engine and you can find various used motorcycles for sale in the UAE equipped with this type of V-shaped engine.
The V4 engines are the one of the most rare ones used in automobiles. The reason they are not common is because of the complex structure. A V4 engine with a 90 degrees ‘V’ helps in enhanced performance but the assembly of this engine becomes complex due to more components.
The arrangement of 6 cylinders in an engine makes up for its name, the V6 engine. This V-shaped engine type turned out to be more efficient and ideal than the V4 one. Most of the popular used sedans in the UAE use V6 engines because they use less space and add to the aerodynamics. Moreover, in the Grand Prix 2022, F1 cars are only allowed to use a V6 turbocharged engine.
Besides, you can also have a look at the following automobiles equipped with V6 engines:
- Pre-owned Audi A6 in the UAE
- Used Lexus ES for sale in the UAE
- Second hand Mercedes-Benz GLC in the UAE
A V8 engine has 8 cylinders arranged in a V-shape connected to a common crankshaft. Exotic and luxury cars have this type of engine to reduce the area of the engine compartment, which in turns adds to the road performance. Here are some of the cars with some trims that boasted a powerful V8 engine:
- Pre-owned Chevy Corvette in the UAE
- Used Aston Martin Vantage for sale in the UAE
- Second hand Dodge Challenger in the UAE
The V10 engines have a 10-cylinder piston configuration. Many high-performance and sports cars use this type of engine as it provides more utility than inline 10-cylinder engines. Following are some of the cars with V10 engines that you can have a look at:
- Second hand Audi R8 for sale in the UAE
- Used Lamborghini Huracan for sale in the UAE
- Pre-owned Lamborghini Gallardo in the UAE
The cylinders in the V12 engine are generally connected at an angle of 60 degrees which provides a more balanced construction. The main difference between the anatomy of engines of V8 and V12 is the design, shape and performance. V12 covers more volume and hence, provides more power.
You can find the above-mentioned types of V engines commonly in most modern vehicles. Besides, there are configurations with more cylinders that are used in trucks or heavy-duty vehicles.
PROS AND CONS OF V-SHAPED ENGINES
This type of engine is known for the overhead camshafts, for instance, SOHC and DOHC. The following are the V engines’ advantages and disadvantages:
Here are the advantages of V configuration engines:
- Wider application as they can be used in motorcycles and trucks as well.
- Smaller size than the other engines improves aerodynamics.
- Transmits more power from the engine to the flywheel due to the smaller crankshafts.
- Produces more torque enabling the better performance of the vehicle on tough terrains.
Following are some of the disadvantages that may occur due to the design complexity:
- Complex design is difficult to build for auto manufacturers.
- Cooling is another problem of the V engines.
- More components can make the engine heavier.
- V engines are generally not very fuel-efficient.
- They are more expensive, therefore, the cars equipped with V engines generally fall into luxury and sports categories.
This was all about the V engines and how their configuration adds to the utility of the cars. You can find cars with V engines in the collection of used cars for sale in the UAE.
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